Pakistan`s decision to close the border was to force Afghanistan to act against militant groups that have used Afghan soil to carry out cross-border attacks against Pakistan.  In June 2016, Pakistan announced that it had completed 1,100 km of trenches along the Pakistan-Afghan border (Durand Line) in Balochistan to control the movement of terrorists and smugglers across the Pakistani border from Afghanistan.  In March 2017, plans to extend this trench/berm/fence work were announced.  Plans also included the construction of 338 checkpoints and fortresses along the border until 2019.   “Afghanistan to airlift citizens if border is not rereopen reopened within two days: Ambassador,” The Dawn, March 14, 2017, www.dawn.com/news/1318401 Pakistan is building a border fence to limit illegal immigration and infiltration from Afghanistan via the Durand Line. According to Pakistan, the AfPak border fence is also needed to prevent militants from infiltrating across the border.  Since January 2019, 900 km have been completed.  The Durand Line is marked by 235 border crossing points, many of which were vulnerable to illegal immigration. The project is expected to cost at least $532 million. After the creation of Pakistan in 1947, Afghanistan refused to join the United Nations. The Afghan government of the day decided not to recognize Pakistan as the legitimate heir to the territorial agreements with British India. There have been several ambiguous and often changing demands from Kabul about the aspirations of the Pashtun and Baluch ethnic groups in Pakistan, as Kabul saw. Between 1947 and 1973, Kabul extended support for Baluch and Pashtun nationalists inside Pakistan, even calling for the creation of a new state called “Pashtunistan”. In 1973, Pakistan, facing territorial uncertainties, resorted to extending support for Islamist dissidents who resisted the Republican government of De Sardar Daud in Afghanistan. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto`s government created the “Afghan cell” within Pakistan`s Ministry of Foreign Affairs and gave it a policy to strengthen relations with Islamists in exile in Pakistan and strengthen Pakistan`s influence over the governments of Kabul.
By // by darrenjac